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Andrew Arthy

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About Andrew Arthy

  • Birthday 04/05/1983

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  • Location
    Western Australia
  • Militaria Interests
    Luftwaffe flying unit documents and photographs

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  1. Andrew Arthy

    Fighter Pilot over Italy

    Michael, Thanks very much for that. Looks like he fell victim to No. 43 Squadron on the afternoon of 2 November 1943. That Allied unit flew a sweep to Frosinone between 15:00 and 16:00, and claimed two Bf 109s destroyed (the I. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 77 was also involved in the melee). For the 28 November 1943 mission where he notes contact with three Spitfires, the I. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 53 was escorting Focke-Wulf 190 fighter-bombers of II./Schlachtgeschwader 4, and the German formation encountered four Spitfires of No. 1 SAAF Squadron. The fighter-bomber pilots downed a Spitfire, and lost at least one of their own. Cheers, Andrew A.
  2. Andrew Arthy

    Fighter Pilot over Italy

    Michael, As the others have said, a fascinating group! I've always been very interested in the I. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 53, and your documents provide a great overview of its activities between 1943 and 1945. In the final months of the war his unit was commanded by Erich Hartmann and Helmut Lipfert, so the Lipfert Diary book might be worth checking out as well. Regarding 2 November 1943, what times did he fly the mission? Oberfeldwebel Hans Kornatz of 1./J.G. 53 was on an escort mission between 10:45 and 11:55 when his unit was jumped by American Spitfires of the 307th Fighter Squadron/31st Fighter Group, and Lt. Richard H. Van Natta closed to 50 yards and shot down a Bf 109 at 11:35, fifteen miles south of Rome. Burggraf's loss was recorded as being at Velletri, so that's a good match in terms of location. 13 January 1944 was a big day of aerial combat, as the Allies softened up the Germans prior to their Anzio landings. Burggraf was one of 68 Bf 109 pilots to scramble, along with sixteen FW 190s, as the Americans bombed airfields in the Rome area. The Germans claimed two Lightnings shot down, and another rammed, as well as five Lightnings and one Fortress shot up and damaged. Would love to see some more Flugbuch and Leistungsbuch pages, if possible. Regarding the signatures, I met Walter Seiz in 2006 at his home, and just a couple of days earlier I also met Arno Fischer (whose signature appears in the Leistungsbuch) at his home. Both very nice men. Cheers, Andrew A.
  3. We are very pleased to announce the release of the latest in our series of Jagdgeschwader 2 pilot biographies, this time featuring 43-victory ace and Ritterkreuz winner Kurt Goltzsch. The article can be downloaded from our website: http://airwarpublications.com/product/the-life-of-kurt-goltzsch/. Goltzsch was a long-serving member of the Wehrmacht, and flew with Jagdgeschwader 2 between 1940 and his wounding in September 1943. The 16-page article, written by Leo Etgen, Andrew Arthy and Morten Jessen, features fifteen photographs, a colour map, and two colour profiles or aircraft relevant to the article. Goltzsch was quite a modest man so it was a difficult task to research him, but we hope we've been able to not only tell the story of his military service, but also reveal a little about his personality and life as well. We hope you find our work to be of interest. We have several more of these Jagdgeschwader 2 biographies in development, and plan to release some more next year. Regards, Andrew & Morten Air War Publications
  4. Andrew Arthy

    My New Panel JU88 5J+ER

    Attached is the initial British report on this aircraft and crew (sorry for the poor quality). Source is British National Archives file AIR 40/2963. Cheers, Andrew A. Air War Publications - www.airwarpublications.com
  5. I thought I'd bring to the attention of the forum our new article on Kurt Bühligen, wartime fighter pilot and final Kommodore of Jagdgeschwader 2, which can now be downloaded from this location. The basic outline of Kurt Bühligen's story is well known, with his rise from mechanic to Geschwaderkommodore over the course of just a few years. However, we've conducted extensive research in order to present more than just the basics. The 6,000 word article is based on many sources, including British, American, and German documents, and interviews with the man himself. Although he was a high-scoring Luftwaffe ace, to date Kurt Bühligen has received scant attention from historians, and we believe our article fills a gap in the literature. It was an enjoyable task to reveal more about this very modest man (and his modesty made him harder to research - unlike so many of his contemporaries, he received very little post-war attention, so that made it a lot more difficult to find information about him). As with all our eArticles, the text is accompanied by lots of photographs and artwork. We've also included a full list of the various sources used. As part of our promotion for the article, our latest blog post includes a short section from a II./Jagdgeschwader 2 'home movie', featuring Kurt Bühligen and another man we've written about in the past, Fritz Schröter. We hope you like the new eArticle. All the best, Andrew A. Air War Publications - http://www.airwarpublications.com
  6. Hi, The I./Kampfgeschwader 66 specialist is Marcel van Heijkop. I can send you his email address if you wish. And nice Soldbuch! All the best, Andrew A.
  7. Andrew Arthy

    Luftwaffe Autobiographies

    Hi Richard, Here's another that I'd recommend: 'Luftwaffe Fighter Ace: From the Eastern Front to the Defence of the Homeland' Publisher: Grub Street (2004) ISBN-10: 1904010946 The title is a little misleading, because Norbert Hannig spent the vast majority of his time flying with the II. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 54 on the Eastern Front, and served almost no time 'in defence of the homeland'. A very readable account of a successful Eastern Front fighter pilot. Plenty of aerial combat descriptions, but also plenty of pages devoted to everyday life with his unit. I plan to obtain the original German version at some point as well. Norbert passed away a couple of years ago. Cheers, Andrew A. Air War Publications - www.airwarpublications.com/earticles Find on: Amazon (US) - Amazon (UK) - Amazon (DE)
  8. Humberto, Happy to help! The source was BA-MA RLD 1/1, Luftwaffen Verordnungsblatt (various editions contained relevant information about the aerial and ground victory claims procedure). Cheers, Andrew A.
  9. Hi Kevin, Bit of an update, which might be of interest. Two of my colleagues visited and interviewed Ernst Scotti a couple of weeks ago. He's in great health, and was full of stories (one of my colleagues wrote: "Scotti was like a wild racehorse. Before I could even turn on the video he was off and running with the bit in his teeth"). He's also written his memoirs, but they are yet to be published. Naturally I'll be including his Kurland stories in the Air War Courland book. It is a pretty rare opportunity to get first-hand accounts from a Focke-Wulf 190 pilot who used Panzerschreck rockets against T-34s and IS-2s. Cheers, Andrew A.
  10. Larry and Doug are definitely two of the good guys. A fantastic Luftwaffe resource, and it's free! Cheers, Andrew A.
  11. Kevin, Really interesting piece, and from my favourite fighter unit too! It's very much nit-picking, but Hauenschild actually had six aerial victories, and Hepe got twelve in the Second World War, and one in Spain. Cheers, Andrew A.
  12. Hi, From Chapter 6 of Morten Jessen and my book Focke-Wulf Fw 190 in North Africa (published in 2004): --- START OF QUOTE --- "1. Only submit victory reports as well as the complete course of events “openly”. 2. For each victory the required reports most be submitted separately. No facsimiles of combat reports or eyewitness reports, only submit original reports. 3. Always indicate the height at which the victory took place. In the victory, combat and witness reports the area of the crash and a short description of the terrain around the crash site most be described. 4. From the victory claim, the combat and the witness report, as well as the statement from the intermediate agencies, it must be stated whether other units were involved in the fight, or were probably involved in combating the enemy, and which. For the examination of other units’ involvement, a time period and a location is necessary in the victory report for intermediate units. 5. Report only unambiguous self-observations in combat and witness reports. 6. Witness reports most be independently written with no influence from third parties (no parts are to be copied from other reports). 7. The phrasing concerning the specific crash must correspond fully with the definitions. Use expressions such as: a) Hostile airplane fell perpendicularly to the ground (in the sea), b) Hostile airplane made uncontrolled movements, Avoid unclear phrases. They must e.g. read: a) The Spitfire broke up about 2 km east of Adorf and fell perpendicularly on a pasture; or: Dive into lake at a shallow angle was observed by myself. b) The Spitfire went into a spin; or: the Bristol Blenheim flew straight a short distance without defence movement; or: the Bristol Blenheim swerved a lot to the left. 8. A request for acknowledgment of a victory consists of four parts for flying formations, five parts for anti-aircraft artillery: a) The victory claims report, b) The combat report, c) The original witness report, d) The sketch with the battery position drawn, flight route of the target, and crash location of the downed hostile airplane, (anti-aircraft units only) e) The statements of intermediate units. Likewise, when flying formations attack airfields, a sketch illustrating the situation on the attacked airfield with distribution of airplanes on the ground and description of the destruction is to be submitted. 9. In the victory claims report the word »burning« is not to be used. 10. The application form for aerial eyewitness reports is to be discontinued. In the future, the aerial eyewitness report will be provided in the form of a short combat report detailing the personal observations of the aerial eyewitness." --- END OF QUOTE --- And also this: --- START OF QUOTE --- "a) Aerial victories By aerial victory one understands that an enemy aircraft is hit by projectile(s) during an aerial engagement and crashes on the ground with the result of the aircraft being damaged and/or destroyed or burning. - Force landing: If an enemy aircraft is hit by projectile(s) from air or ground fire and is forced to make a smooth forced landing, then this is not considered a victory, unless the landing occurred on this side of the front. However, if the landing occurs in enemy territory with visible and serious damage, and the aircraft is later completely destroyed by artillery or bombs before the aircraft is recovered, it is considered a victory. - Seperate: If vital parts (wing, tail unit) separate due to firing or by overstressing from fighting, so that the enemy aircraft can no longer fly or falls apart, then this is considered as separate/separating. Parts not crucial to flying capabilities (like the canopy or pieces of wire) may be only announced as loss of individual parts. - Falling while burning: If an enemy aircraft with a long white or black trail of smoke and clearly visible flames is seen before the impact, then it is considered as falling while burning. - White smoke: This is caused by leaking cooling fluids or fuel from the enemy due to damage in cooling or fuel systems. Does not necessarily entail a crash. Sometimes it can be due to atmospheric influences. - Dark smoke: This is caused by leaking oil as well as an overheated engine and will result in a forced landing within relatively short time. It can also mean that a fire is developing. A white or black smoke trail does not necessarily result in the destruction of the enemy aircraft. - Parachute jump of the crew: This term is fulfilled only if the complete crew leaves the airplane. The enemy identification charts give information on the number of crewmembers. b) Ground victories - Burned: Aircraft, which smoke or burn after an attack, are considered as burned. - Destruction on the ground: Airplanes, from which parts of the fuselage as well as the breaking off of vital parts (tail section, wing) become recognizable, are considered as destroyed." --- END OF QUOTE --- If I was publishing the book today I'd change the German-to-English translations above a little, but you get the idea. These two extracts were from the official Luftwaffe guidelines. And from an ULTRA signal from the spring of 1943: “1.) Criticisms of combat report on Hptm. X’s victory. A) What parts flew off the Spitfire? B) Did the Spitfire show trail of smoke on being shot up (if so, what colour?) C) The eyewitness report still outstanding must be compiled on these lines and agree exactly with the gunner’s statements. 2.) Criticisms of the combat report and eyewitness account of Uffz. X. A) What parts flew off the Spitfire? B) Did the Spitfire show trail of smoke on being shot up (if so, what colour?) C) Position of the eyewitness with regard to gunner during the attack. You are referred to the Geschwader’s directive concerning the compilation of reports by gunners and eyewitnesses and the correct completion of the pro-forma ‘Report of aircraft shot down and destroyed’. Late arrival and incorrect compilation of all these reports may endanger the chances of recognition by higher authorities.” I think I have another translated document from the British National Archives about this subject somewhere, and might try and dig it out at some point. I hope that this is of interest. Cheers, Andrew A.
  13. Hi, Hugo Broch is still in good health, and has a great memory of his war years. One slight correction: Broch isn't the last J.G. 54 Ritterkreuz holder. A colleague of mine called Erich Rudorffer two weeks ago, and although he wasn't in good enough health to conduct a phone interview, he was still alive. Hopefully that hasn't changed since then. Cheers, Andrew A.
  14. Hi Richard, I've only just seen this post, but I'm definitely interested in the document! Thanks for posting it. Is there any chance I could see better scans? Rudorffer is a really interesting character, and features in a few book and article projects I'm working on. We almost got an interview with him late last year, but sadly he had to decline due to failing memory. Cheers, Andrew A.