GWilliamson

Wehrmacht Ordnungstruppe

73 posts in this topic

Although the Feldgendarmerie was the largest of the military police branches, it was by no means the only one. Several others were also involved in the maintenance of order and discipline. Here are some Soldbücher and Wehrpässe to some of them.

First up, and one of the hardest organisations to find anything to - the Feldjäger.

This Wehrpass to Luftwaffe senior NCO Wladislaus Müller came with his original ID disc.

Page 2 has a nice photo in Luftwaffe uniform, and Page 13 shows that at one time he served with KG 27 "Boelcke"

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His final rank was Stabsfeldwebel and he was awarded the KVK2 in 1943.

Page 21 shows he was a trained Observer and that he gained the Luftwaffe Flugzeugführerschein, tying in with the entry at the bottom of the page for the combined Pilot/Observer Badge.

Page 32 shows his participation in the air war against the UK

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In the final few days of the war however, he was drafted into the Feldjäger and issued with this special Ausweis, identifying him as a member of Feldjägergruppe V.

The Ausweis confirms that he has authority over members of the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS as well as other organisations subordinated to the Wehrmacht.

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Hi Gordon,

Indeed, Feldjäger is a harder to find material.

Pilot - Observer badge, but it looks as if he didn't make much combat flights with the bomber units he was with.

Any extra information of his flying career ?

Best regards

Eric-Jan

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Hi Eric-Jan,

Yes, his flying career was not particularly remarkable. Without the Feldjäger link it would have been just a nice, but not very special WP.

Next, the Streifendienst.

The Streifendienst was the Army patrol service (Heeresstreifendienst) and later for the entire armed forces (Wehrmachtstreifendienst). This was not a career branch. It did not have its own waffenfarbe or insignia. To indicate their ststus, they wore a simple aiguilette and carried a special Ausweis.

Here is the Streifendienst Ausweis.

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And the only other one I owned and stupidly let go. Note that this time the prefix "Wehrmacht" has been added before the "Streifendienst" title.

By this time these guys had authority over all branches of the military.

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Wehrpass to Ludwig Schober, interestingly assigned to the Heeres Streifendienst attached to the German military attache in Rome.

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A particularly nice little set to Major Julius Messthaler.

Already a Hauptmann on the outbreak of war, he was promoted Major in 1944.

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Already holding the EK2 from WW1, he receives the 1939 Spange, the East Front Medal, the Infantry Assault Badge and the EK1

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Adding interest to the group are his original Truppenausweis, a spare ID photo with all his awards being worn, and touchingly, tucked into the back of the Wehrpass was a letter from his son, serving in the Grossdeutschland Division, sending his father his photo.

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Next up Bahnhofswache, the guys who maintained order in railway stations, controlling troop movements and checking travel papers etc.

A Wehrpass to Hauptmann Gerner.

Gerner was a veteran of WW1 with the EK2. Interestingly his Wehrpass also includes details of wounds he suffered during his service as an NCO in WW1. Wehrpässe often lack any great detail of WW1 service.

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Apart from very brief service in the East during and immediately after the Polish campaign, he spent his time on the home front and seems to have been involved with Zugwache, Bahnhofswache and Streifendienst duties.

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A Soldbuch this time, with a particularly nice photo of the officer in question, Hauptmann Erich Marquardt.

Note the second entry under Section C on Page 4. Marquardt was a Bahnhofsoffizier. Nothing to do with the Reichsbahn, but in command of military staff ( i.e. Bahnhofswache) operating at railway stations.

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Note again, in Section C of Page 17, the entry for Bahnhofs Kommandantur 402

His awards included the West Wall Medal, Spange to the EK2 he won in WW1, and the Treuedienst Ehrenzeichen. This latter award probably earned before his WW2 military service - note that he was a Teacher in civilian life.

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Next up, Zugwache.

This is an interesting branch whose duties could be dratically different depending on the posting. Serving with a Zugwachabteilung attached to a Wehrkreis in Germany could be a relatively safe posting, checking paper of military personnel on trains etc. However, serving with an Abteilung in the occupied territories could often involve serious combat action as trains came under attack from partisans etc.

As well as a distinctive Gorget, Zugwache personnel carried a special Ausweis, very hard to find, which set out their authority.

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Zugwache Officers Soldbuch to Oberleutnant Karl Schreier, serving with Zugwach-Kompanie z.b.V. 502 (the early Zugwach companies were later expanded to Abteilung size as can be seen by the second entry)

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Wehrpass to Gefreiter Georg Reidinger. The photo had been neatly cut out so I haven't bothered showing that page.

His service was with Zugwach-Abteilung 513 on the Eastern Front, where he was wounded (in the right foot) in January 1944. He appears to have died in some form of accident some months after the war ended.

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Soldbuch to a rather stern looking Hauptmann Erich Schmidt who served with Zugwache Abteilung 504 and 503

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In addition to serving in the Zugwache, we can see on Page 4 that he attending training with Heeresstreifenlehrabteilung as a patrol leader. As mentioned previoiusly, the Streifendienst didn't wear a Gorget or special armband but were identified by an Aiguilette similar to an adjutants cord. Note on the kit issue page that he has been issued with a "Streifenschnüre" or "Patrol Cords".

He also earned the East Front Medal.

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This book came with a spare ID photo from which we can see he has the ribbons for the EK2 and Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer so we know he was a combat veteran of WW1.

It also came with his demob papers. After being demobed from the Wehrmacht, surrendered soldiers were no longer given legal POW status and were often, as here, held in civilian internment camps. Here we have a reciept for the valuables returned to him on his release, including the Soldbuch above.

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Wehrpass to Stabsfeldwebel Karl Fischer.

Fischer was an Infantry soldier before transferring to the Ordnungstruppe and saw active service in both the Polish Campaign and the Campaign in the West.

Page 22 shows that prior to military service he had served in the Police having reached the rank of Stabsoberwachtmeister which perhaps explains why he was selected to serve in the Ordnungstruppe,

The awards shown are for the Sudeten Medal and the Army 4 Yr Long Service Medal

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Page 32/33 shows the range of actions his Infantry unit ( Infanterie Regiment 90, part of 20 Infanterie Division) took part in, in Poland and in the West, and Page 34 reveals that he was killed in action on 15 October 1943.

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