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GWilliamson

Campaign and Service Medals of Britain & Commonwealth

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1914 Star

 

Authorized in April 1917 for award to those troops who served in France or Belgium between 5 August 1914 and midnight on 22/23 November 1914. A recipient of the 1914 Star could not also be awarded the 1914–15 Star. A clasp ‘5th Aug – 22nd Nov 1914' was awarded to those who served under fire from the enemy in France and Belgium between those dates.

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1914-15 Star

 

Authorised in 1918 for award to recognise service in specified theatres of war between 5 August 1914 and 31 December 1915.

 

No Clasps authorised.

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The War Medal

 

Instituted in 1919 to mark the end of World War I and reward service given. Eligibility was later extended to include mine clearance and service in Russia in 1919 / 1920.

 

No Clasps authorised.

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Victory Medal

 

Authorised in 1919 to commemorate the victory of the Allied Forces. Allied nations all issued their own Victory Medals, but most of the Commonwealth used the design issued by Great Britain.

 

No Clasps as such authorised, but the Oakleaf for "Mentioned in Despatches" was worn on the ribbon of this medal.

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Mercantile Marine Medal

 

Awarded to members of the Merchant Navy who had served on one or more voyage through a danger zone.

 

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War Medal

 

Awarded to those who had served in the Armed Forces or Merchant Navy (at sea) for at least 28 days between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945.

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1939 to 1945 Star

 

Awarded to those who served on operations between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945.  For Army personnel, 6 months operational service was required (2 months for Airborne).

 

Criteria:

  • For the air force 6 months was required for non –aircrew, 2 months for aircrew.
  • For the navy, 6 months service and at least one operational voyage.

 

One Clasp authorized “Battle of Britain”

New clasp “Bomber Command” authorized 2013-03-28

 

BoB Clasp is extremely rare. The one shown is a re-strike.

 

Ribbon

Equal stripes of dark blue to represent the service of the Royal and Merchant Navies, red, to represent that of the Armies and light blue to represent that of Air Forces. Worn with the dark blue stripe furthest from the left shoulder.

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Atlantic Star

 

For six months service in Atlantic or home waters between 3 September 1939 and 8 May 1945. Merchant seamen also qualified

 

Two clasps authorised

 

“Air Crew Europe”

 

“France and Germany”

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Air Crew Europe Star

 

Awarded to air crew who had served at least two months on operational flights between 3 September 1939 and 5 June 1944.

 

Two clasps authorised

 

“Atlantic”

 

“France and Germany”

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Italy Star

 

Awarded for service in Italy, Greece, Jugoslavia and the Dodecanese between 11 June 1943 and 8 May 1945.

 

Also

 

Sicily  between 11 June 1943 and 17 August 1943

Sardinia between 11 June 1943 and 19 September 1943

Corsica between 11 June 1943 and 4 October 1943

 

 

No clasps authorised

 

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 Pacific Star

 

For operational service in the Pacific between 8 December 1941 and 2 September 1945.

 

One Clasp authorised  “Burma”

 

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Burma Star

 

Awarded for service in Burma between 11 December 1941 and 2 September 1945.

 

One Clasp authorised “Pacific”

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Africa Star

 

Awarded for a minimum of 1 days service in North Africa between 10 June 1940 and 12 May 1943.

 

Three claps authorised

 

“1st Army”

“8th Army”

“North Africa 1942-43” for those serving with 18 Army Group

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Hi Gordon!

Many thanks for this interesting thread! British medals don't pop up too often in Austria, so I don't know much about them.

Kind regards, Peter

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Thanks Peter,

 

British members will be more than familiar with these but I thought I'd post them for those from other countries who are not so familiar with them.

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France and Germany Star

 

For service in France, Belgium Luxembourg, Holland and Germany between 6 June 1944 and 8 May 1945.

 

One Clasp authorised “Atlantic”

 

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India Service Medal

 

Awarded to Indian forces for three year service (non-operational) in India between 2 September 1939 and 2 September 1945.

 

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Africa Service Medal

 

For members of the Union Defence Force, South African Police and South African Railway Police who served on operations outside South Africa for three months between 6 September 1939 and  2 September 1945

 

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Australia

 

To recognise service by members of the armed forces and merchant marine who served overseas for at least 18 months full-time or three years' part-time between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945.

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New Zealand Service Medal

 

To recognise service for at least 28 days' full time aggregated service or six months' part time aggregated service between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945. Also awarded for any length of service which was terminated by death on duty, or wounds sustained on duty, or honourable discharge as a result of wounds.

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Hi Gordon,

 

A great idea showing these medals.

 

I have shown these before, but here are my Father's medals from WWII which include the Territorial efficiency medal, which unlike the campaign stars are named to the wearer.  It should be noted that the 39-45 and Africa stars have the ribbons on the wrong way round ads the dark blue for the Royal Navy should be first as they were the senior service of the British armed forces.

 

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Canada Service Medal

 

For 18 months voluntary active service between 3 September 1939 and 1 March 1947

 

3 Clasps were authorised

 

A Silver bar with maple leaf for 60 days service overseas

 

“Dieppe”, for those who took part in the raid in August 1942

 

“Hong Kong” for those who served in Hong Kong between 8 – 25 December 1941

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Wow!

 

Nice to see these campaign medals that were awarded between 1914 and 1947 in one thread.

 

Are all of these medals in your collection Gordon ?

 

I have seen Jerry's dad's medals before,lovely set.

 

Regards,Martin.

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Hi Gordon,

 

A great idea showing these medals.

 

I have shown these before, but here are my Father's medals from WWII.attachicon.gif

 

Hi Jerry!

 

Always good when the decorations of the own family survived! Thanks for posting them!

 

Kind regards, Peter

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Been looking for one of these for a while and finally picked up a nice little group at reasonable price.

 

The Territorial Force War Medal, rarest of the WW1 British Campaign Medals.

 

Awarded to members of the Territorials who had volunteered for service overseas but who did not qualify for the 1914 or 1914/15 Stars.

 

Sadly, someone had the bright idea of sticking them onto a piece of card with double sided tapes, so some rescue work is needed to remove the gunk from the ribbons, but Acetone usually does the trick so they should be OK.

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